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Uzbekistan

Visit Uzbekistan is to admire the legendary Central Asian land. Is to follow Cyrus the Great, Genghis Khan, Tamerlane and the ancient Silk Road through the steppes. It is to discover historical treasures and to touch the old documents in the ancient libraries. Is to take a walk “Stone City” Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. Is to see large blue and gold cities of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva.  Is to cross the red desert Kyzil Kum which gives the impression of being in the middle of nowhere. Is to visit the village of Mitan, which will immerse you in the heart of the Uzbek culture, always very warm and hospitable!

Welcome to Uzbekistan – a land of 1001 night!

History

The first people known to inhabit modern-day Uzbekistan were Iranian nomads in the 1st millennium BC. At this time began to appear cities such as Bukhoro (Bukhara), Samarqand (Samarkand) and Chash (Tashkent). When China started its silk trade with the West, Iranian cities took advantage of this commerce by becoming centers of trade, later called the Silk Road. Throughout history the territory of modern Uzbekistan was part of different states and countries. Its borders Uzbekistan acquired only in 1924, when appeared the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, a part of the USSR. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan has received the status of an independent Republic, who is to this day.

Culture

The culture of Uzbekistan is a mix of different elements of ethnic groups and cultures. It is well known for inimitable national music, dances and handicrafts. Uzbek national music is characterized as a variety of genres, such as “Koshuk” - a household song with a small diapason melody; a dialogue-song "Lapar" or "Yalla" solo-singing combined with dance.

Nature

Uzbekistan is the country of the contrasts: red sands of the Kyzyl Kum Desert and blossoming gardens of Fergana Valley. The plain of the Valley of Zarafshan and most beautiful mountain landscapes in Samarkand. Uzbekistan has everything to obtain heart of even the most experienced traveler.

Cuisine

As in most nations, Uzbek cuisine was influenced by local agriculture. Signature dish is pilaf (“plov”) - a main course typically made with rice, pieces of meat, grated carrots and onions cooked on an open fire. Also national dishes are: Shurpa (soup with large pieces of fatty meat and fresh vegetables); norin and lagman (noodle-based soups); different types of stuffed pockets of dough (manti, chuchvara, and somsa), dimlama (meat and vegetable stew) and various kebabs.

Cities:

Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in Uzbekistan, known as Marakanda, founded in the 6th century BC. Later, in the 14th century, it was named AFROSIAB, the well known Khan Tamerlane made it a capital. The numerous monuments of the city and its surroundings will impress you with their splendor. City turquoise and decorative carved marble, terracotta and magnificent and multifaceted mosaic together all the architectural heritage of Islam.

Boukhara, one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan founded in the 6th century BC. Bukhara was a religious and cultural, center of the science of the whole Central Asia for centuries. The city was destroyed by the Mongols in 1219. Thereafter Bukhara was under the rule of local govenor’s, who time by time were influences by either politics of Turkey or Khans of Golden Orda.

According to the legend, Khiva was founded where Shem Keivah(son of Noah) dug the well. Until the beginnig of the 6th century Khiva was the capital of Khorezm (which was a vassal kingdom of Persia). Particularly the region has developed a complex of irrigation system from the second millennium BC and was visited by various conquerors: Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, Uzbeks. It is the birthplace of the mathematician Abu Abdullah Muḥammad Mūsa Ben Gal-Khwarizmi (about 780-about 850), also known as al-Khwarizmi, al-Khorezmi etc.

Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan, populated by 2.3 million people. Archaeologists estimate that Tashkent has more than 2000 years history. The city had different names since its founding: Tchatch, Chach, Binkent, it was named Tashkent only in 12th century. Until the 19th century, it depended on various principalities and khanates. Tsarist Russia captured the city in the middle of the 19th century. In 1966, after the earthquake, Tashkent was partly rebuilt with the help of the republics of the former USSR. Tashkent is now a beautiful modern city with parks and fountains, bordered by office buildings and public buildings to harmonize with the historical monuments of the past.

Fergana Valley is a Golden Valley with more than 7 million people living there, in the fertile alluvial plain, with an area of 22,000 square kilometers, is one of the most beautiful places in Uzbekistan. It is watered by the waters of the Syr-Darya and Narin and surrounded by the chain of Tien Shan mountains. The valley is famous for its cities as Andijan, Fergana, Margilan, Kokand, and Shakhimardan Kouva.

Basic tourist packages:

Discover Tashkent - 3 Days / 2 Nights

Pearl of sands - 5 Days / 4 Nights

Highlights in Uzbekistan - 10 Days / 9 Nights

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